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Preheating of transport torpedo, distributors, and ladles

Process Description

If liquid metals cannot proceed to the next processing step via gutters, torpedoes, distributors or ladles are used for transportation. To increase the life of the refractory lining and avoid costly overheating of the metal bath, these vessels are pre-heated.  Preheating temperatures up to 1200°C are uneconomical with cold air burner systems and those above 1200°C are difficult to achieve.

In the case of oxyfuel burner systems there is a distinction between their use for pre-heating vessels which are circulated during the production process, and for drying new vessels made of refractory material.  The reason for this is the different heat transfer mechanisms at different temperature levels.   

Ladle preheating station

Drying newly delivered vessels:

Newly delivered vessels must be preheated slowly, according to predetermined heating curves from the refractory material producers. The annoying smoke or odour arising during the expulsion of the refractory binder can be prevented by internal post combustion.

At the lower temperature range, firing is carried out using oxyfuel with air enrichment, or exhaust gas recirculation.  When refractory binders start being expelled, additional oxygen is used for internal post-combustion in the vessel. At the end of expulsion of the refractory binders, stoichiometric combustion using pure oxygen as the oxidation medium takes place.  

Natural gas savings with oxyfuel:           30% - 40%

Pre-heating of ladles during production cycle:

Rapid, energy-conserving stoichiometric combustion with pure oxygen as the oxidation medium 

Natural gas savings with oxyfuel:           40% - 70%

Application of Oxipyr-burner for pre-heating:

Time

Air burner

Oxyfuel

[min]

[kW]

Temp [°C]

[kW]

Temp [°C]

75

1700

910

530

1150

120

1700

1050

400

1290

210

1470

1140

400

1320

 

Gas Application

Oxyfuel process

Compared to burners that use air as an oxidant, oxygen-fuel burners have a number of process technology advantages:

Advantages:

  • Higher combustion efficiency
  • Higher melting performance
  • Faster heating-up times
  • Lower fuel consumption
  • Higher processing temperatures possible
  • Faster reaction speeds
  • Lower exhaust gas levels
  • Less dust
  • Lower emissions
  • Lower production costs

Messer SOlution

In addition to the gases required for your process, Messer offers a variety of equipment for its optimisation under the brand names Oxipyr and Oxijet. 

In order to select the optimum system, experts from Messer first carry out a comprehensive process analysis. Following calculations and basic engineering, suggestions are made for optimisation and further procedures.  

Oxipyr-flame for ladle-preheating

Oxipyr – Burner Technology

The characteristics of the burner types are multi-faceted and range from low to high momentum burners, oxyfuel to oxygen/air mixing burners and burners for different fuels or fuel combinations. The systems are controlled manually, semi- or fully automatically following compositions or temperature.  

Oxipyr

Fuel

 

Burner protection

Flame

Burner Technology

gas

liquid

solid

Low NOx

refractory material

traversing device

cooling

monitoring

ignition

Oxipyr – P

X

 

 

 

X

X

X

X

X

Oxipyr – F

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Oxipyr – Flex

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Oxipyr – Air

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Oxipyr – SVNR

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

X